Spending four weeks backpacking in the Middle East can be challenging, but it will be well worth it if you want to learn more about the cultures of the Middle East.
Of course you will have to fly over and the best place to land and start off is Istanbul. It will take you a few days to check out all the beautiful building and haggle your way through the bazaar, but once you are ready to leave Istanbul, you can take an overnight bus into Cappadocia or rent one of the available 4×4 cars.
Cappadocia is very interesting if you are into natural rock formations Stay there a few days and then visit Antakya before crossing the border into Syria.
In Syria, you will want to visit these cities in this order: Do some shopping in the souks (markets) in Aleppo. Then spend a few days in Damascus, checking out the wonderful architecture, especially the Umayyad Mosque, which is the oldest mosque. Skip over, by taxi or bus, to Palmyra and check out the ruins before going back to Damascus and heading into Jordan.
Once in Jordan stay in Amman for a few days checking out both the old and new sites.
From here you will cross the border into Israel. Expect this to take a lot of time and be prepared for any questions that are put your way about where you are traveling. After getting across the border, take a taxi into Eilat.
Next is Ein Gedi which is actually a small oasis along the Dead Sea. The Dead Sea is the lowest point of the Earth, so that is definitely an experience.
Your last stop during your backpacking trip to the Middle East should be Tel-Aviv. Tel Aviv is known as the heart of Israel and has many attractions, including the beautiful coastline. So have some fun and relax before heading home.
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